Migraine

Summary
Migraine is an idiopathic headache disorder which is characterized by recurrent, often unilateral and pulsating headache attacks accompanied by vegetative symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, photophobia, and phonophobia. About 1/3 patients will suffer from aura before migraine attacks.
Causes
Migraine is a chronic neurovascular disease and the pathogenesis of migraine is not fully understood. Common predisposing factors include: natural environmental factors (visual stimuli such as glare and flicker, odor, weather changes), sleep-related factors (insufficient sleep, excessive sleep), irregular diet, etc.
Symptions
Migraine attacks can be divided into four phases: prodromal, aura, headache, and recovery. Not all patients or all episodes have the above four phases. The same patient can have different types of migraine attacks.
Treatment
Maintain a healthy lifestyle, identify and avoid headache-inducing factors, and make full use of non-pharmacological and pharmacological treatments. Pharmacological treatments include acute treatment and preventive treatment. Pay attention to their evidence-based use.
 
For more information see your Doctor or Healthcare Professional
.
 
1.  中华医学会疼痛学分会头面痛学组等. 中國偏头痛防治指南.中國疼痛医学杂志. 2016.22(10):721-727.
2.  中华医学会疼痛学分会头面痛学组. 中國偏头痛诊断治疗指南. 中國疼痛医学杂志. 2011, 17(2):65-86.
CP-89367 Approved date 2019-5-10